Cassia javanica L. var. indochinensis Gagnep.
Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Common Name : ജാവാ കാഷ്യ(Mal)
Pink Shower (Eng)
IUCN Status : Least concern (LC) -
When in bloom, Java cassia can be a stunning sight, with the tree covered with crimson-pink flowers. It is a deciduous. tree with branchlets drooping, slender, thinly greyish. Flowers are borne in lateral racemes on short side branches. This character distinguishes it easily from Agnes Cassia, which has flowers borne in panicles, at ends of young leafy shoots.
Trees, up to 10 m high; bark grayish, smooth. Leaves alternate, pinnate; leaflets opposite or subopposite, 3-10 pairs, 2.5-10 x 2-4 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate to ovate-elliptic, sub-acuminate, puberulous, almost equal-sided at the base; rachis 10-17 cm long, terete, pubescent; stipules reniform, ca 1 cm long, pubescent beneath, caducous. Racemes 6-30 cm long, axillary to upper leaves or from leafless nodes; bracts 7-8 mm long; bracteoles 1.5-2.5 mm long, similar to bracts; ovate-lanceolate, acute-acuminate. Sepals 4-5 mm long, narrowly ovate, obtuse. Petals 1.8-3 cm, spathulate, pubescent outside, pink or carmine. Stamens 10, all fertile; three large filaments 2.2-2.5 cm long, with a distinct globular swelling in the middle, twice curved; 7 filaments half as long, almost straight; anthers opening by 2 basal pores and through longitudinal rim. Ovary and style hairy; stigma sublateral, punctiform. Pod 30-60 x 1.5-2 cm, terete, blackish, transversely septate; seeds broadly ovate
Uses : Garden plant
Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand and Malesia
Flowering & Fruiting : February-September