Annona muricata

Annona muricata L.,

Family     :   Annonaceae

Common Name  : മുള്ളൻചക്ക(Mal)

          हनुमान फल(Hin)


     IUCN status          :   Least concern (LC) -

Trees, to 10 m high, bark pale brown; young twigs glabrescent. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; 7-14.5 x 3-5.5 cm, elliptic, oblong, obovate, oblong-obovate, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-obovate, base acute, apex acute to acuminate, coriaceous, margin entire, lateral veins 8-10 pairs, slender, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, domatia present; petiole 4-8 mm long, slender, glabrous, grooved above. 

 Flowers yellowish-green, solitary, axillary or from mature branches. Sepals 3, triangular, persistent. Petals 6 (3+3) ovate-acute, yellow, thick, glabrous, outer ones 2.5-3.5 x 2-2.5 cm, base cordate, apex acuminate, inner petals ca. 1.5 x 1 cm, shortly stipitate. Stamens many, 4-5 mm long, linear, filaments broad at base, with capitate top of the connective. Carpels superior, ca. 4 mm long, linear, slightly curved, strigose; style broad at base, stigma entire. Fruit ovoid to obovoid, 15-25 x 10-15 cm, green, covered with curved spines, stalks 2-3 cm long, stout; seeds many, reddish-brown, ca. 1.5 cm long. 



 Annona muricata leaf extract uses to treat colon and Brest cancer and 12 other types of cancer and has potential anti-arthritic activity. Leaf extract with methanol shows potential antidiabetic and hypolipidemic properties. Annona muricata fruit extract is used for the treatment of depression.


 Native of Central America and West Indies.

Flowering & Fruiting :