Bambusa arundinacea 

Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd.

Family     :  Poaceae/gramineae

Common Name  : മുള(Mal)

          वेदुर बाँस(Hin)

                                 Thorny bamboo(Eng)

     IUCN status          :   Least concern (LC) -

It is a tall, bright-green colored spiny bamboo species, which grows in thickets consisting of a large number of heavily branched, closely growing culms. It reaches a height of 10–35 m and grows naturally in the forests of the dry zones

Culms from a thick stoloniferous rhizome, erect, to 30 m tall and10-20 cm across; culm sheaths broadly triangular, densely brownish-hairy within, and scattered hairy without. Leaves to 20 cm long; sheaths to 12 x .2 cm, linear, glabrous; ligule short, entire; petiole short. Inflorescence a compound panicle with the spikelets in heads. Spikelets 1-many-flowered, 0.8-2 cm long, oblong, terete. Bracts glume-like. Glumes 1-3, to 5.5 mm, broadly ovate, mucronate. Lemmas to 6.5 mm, lanceolate, mucronate, coriaceous, glabrous. Paleas to 7 mm, 2-keeled, ciliate. Stamens 6. Style 1; stigmas 3. Grain linearly cylindric.


The extracts of Bambusa arundinacea have been used in Indian folk medicine to treat various inflammatory conditions. The plant has got antiulcer activity also. It is thought that these two properties in the same extract are very much useful in the treatment of inflammatory conditions.


Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China.

Flowering & Fruiting :