Hellenia speciosa

Hellenia speciosa (Koenig) S.R. Dutta

Family     :   Zingiberaceae

Common Name  : ആനപ്പൂ(Mal)

          केव कंद(Hin)

                                  Crepe- ginger(Eng)

     IUCN status          :   Least concern (LC) -

Herbs, rhizome tuberous, 1-2 cm thick, highly branched, yellowish-green inside. Leafy shoots 1.5-2.5 m high. Leaves spirally arranged, 8-25 x 3-7 cm, oblong or oblanceolate-oblong, base tapering, apex abruptly acuminate, upper surface glabrous, lower surface sparsely hairy; ligule truncate, densely hairy; petiole 3-5 mm long. 

Spikes terminal, 4-9 x 2-5 cm, more or less globose; bracts 1.5-3 x 0.7-1.5 cm, ovate-acute, with a narrow subapical protruberance, reddish; bracteoles 1-1.5 cm long, oblong, reddish. Calyx 2-2.5 cm long, 3-lobed; lobes 3-5 mm long. Corolla white; lobes to 4 x 0.8 cm, elliptic-oblong, acuminate. Labellum 5-8 cm wide, suborbicular, white with a creamy-yellow median band. Stamen median, on an oblong petaloid process. Ovary 5-8 mm long, globose, 3-celled; ovules many; stigma crescent-shaped, ciliate. Capsule bright red, 2.5-3 x 2-2.5 cm, dehiscing loculicidally; seeds 6-8 x 3-4 mm, black with fleshy white aril.



 Crepe Ginger has many historical uses in Ayurveda, where the rhizome has been used to treat fever, rash, asthma, bronchitis, and intestinal worms. Also as a cosmetic to be used on the eyelashes to increase attractiveness.



Flowering & Fruiting :