Ixora javanica

Ixora javanica (Blume) DC.       

Family     : Rubiaceae

Common Name :അശോക-ചേതി(Mal)

                               Jungle Geranium(Eng)


     IUCN status         :  Least concern (LC) -

Java Ixora is a shrub 1-3 m high or treelet up to 11 m high. Leaves are opposite, simple, elliptic-oblong or oblong-ovate, 7.5-17 cm by 2.5-7 cm, herbaceous, base narrowed, tip tapering, hairless, with 9-10 pairs lateral veins, shortly stalked, stipules 4 mm long, strongly pointed. Inflorescence is carried on a flower-cluster-stalk 1-4 cm long, short-hairy, loose panicle of 4-merous, bisexual, non-fragrant flowers 1.2 cm in diameter. Flower have a short sepal-cup tube, ovate sepals, flower tube 2.5-3.5 cm long, petals ovate, blunt or rounded, 6-8 mm long, orange-red sometimes pink or yellow, anthers pale orange, style 5 mm long slightly protruding. Fruit is 1 cm across, reddish-purple.

Shrubs 1-2 m tall; young branches glabrous. Leaf opposite, 10-20 x 4-7 cm, oblong or elliptic-oblong, apex acuminate, rounded or mucronate, base acute or rounded, glabrous; lateral nerves 9-13 pairs; petiole 5-8 mm long, glabrous; stipule 6-10 mm long, inner surface hairy and glandular, cusp 3-6 mm long. Inflorescence 3.5-5 cm wide, subsessile or peduncled; peduncle 2-3.5 cm long; bracts 1-4 mm long, ovate, acute, glabrous. Flowers several per head, yellowish-orange or bright red, generally in trichasia, the central ones sessile and ebracteolate, others pedicelled and bracteolate; pedicel 1-2.5 mm long, glabrous or pubescent; bracteole 0.5-1 mm long, ovate, acute


 As an astringent and to treat dysentery and tuberculosis. The use in China and India is widespread .An infusion of the leaves or flowers of several species is administered to treat fever, headache and colic. Pharmacological studies that the plant posses antioxidative, antibacterial, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, anti diarrhoeal, antineoplastic and chemopreventive effects, thus lending scientific support to the plant’s ethnomedicinal uses


East Himalayas to South East Asia

Flowering & Fruiting :