Justicia adhatoda 

Justicia adhatoda L.

Family     :  Acanthaceae 

Common Name  : ആടലോടകം(Mal)

          Malabar nut( Eng)                      

     IUCN status          :   Least concern (LC) -

Evergreen, much-branched perennial shrubs with a strong, odour, 1.2-3 m tall. Leaves simple, opposite, 5-30 cm long, elliptic-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, apex acute, margins entire, hairy, light green above, dark beneath, leathery; petiole 1-2.5 cm long. Flowers in compact, axillary, pedunculate spikes; peduncles 3-10 cm long; bracts 2 x 1 cm, elliptic, subacute, 6-7 nerved; bracteoles 2 x 0.4 cm, oblong-lanceolate, 1-nerved. Calyx lobes 1 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, 3-nerved. Corolla white with red or yellow-barred throats; upper lip 2 x 1 cm, curved, obtuse, notched; lower as long as the upper lip. Stamens 2, anther cells not tailed; filaments hairy at the base. Ovary pubescent; ovules 2 in each cell; style hairy towards the base. Fruits clavate, longitudinally channelled, 1.9-2.2 x 0.8 cm wide, pubescent; seeds globular, glabrous.


primarily used as a treatment of issues related to the respiratory system. It treats conditions of excessive cough and improves breathing in patients affected by coryza and dyspnoea. It is effective in reducing cough and clears congestion in the chest.



Flowering & Fruiting :