Plectranthus amboinicus

Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.)Spreng.                              

Family       :    Lamiaceae/labiatae 

Common Name : പനിക്കൂർക്ക(Mal)

                                 Indian borage (Eng)

   पत्थरचूर (Hin)                       

Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m tall. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising up, densely hairy. Leaves have stalks 1-4.5 cm long, densely velvety, like most mint family plants. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, rhombic, or kidney-shaped, 4-10 cm long, 3-9 cm broad, coarsely toothed at margin or entire toward base. Flowers are borne in 10-20-flowered, densely velvety spikes, 10-20 cm long. Flower stalks are slender, up to 5 mm long

Branched, pubescent aromatic perennial herbs. Leaves opposite, to 5.6 x 3 cm, ovate or suborbicular, base cordate, margins finely serrate, apex obtuse or acute, fleshy; petiole to 2 cm long. Inflorescence terminal, simple to 20 cm long; cymes sessile, glomerulate, many flowered. Flowers shortly pedicelled; bracts sessile, caducous, ovate to 3 mm long, pubescent  Calyx hispid, small, the upper lip ovate, acute, lower of 4 acuminate lobes, throat glabrous within. Corolla purple, 2-lipped, tube decurved. Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments 10-12 mm long united to half of their length, exserted from anterior corolla lip; anther cells confluent. Ovary 4-partite; stigma 2-fid. Nutlets smooth.


It is widely used in folk medicine to treat conditions like cold, asthma, constipation, headache, cough, fever and skin diseases. The leaves of the plant are often eaten raw or used as flavoring agents, or incorporated as ingredients in the preparation of traditional food. 


Widely cultivated throughout tropics

Flowering & Fruiting :