Pseudarthria viscida

Pseudarthria viscida (L.)

Family     :   Fabaceae/leguminosae

Common Name  : മൂവില (Mal)

                                  चपकनो (Hin)

                                  Sticky Desmodium(Eng)

Sticky Desmodium is a perennial under shrub which grows all over India up to 1000 m altitude. It attains the height about 60-120 cm. The branches are slender and covered with minute white hair. The leaves are 7.5-15 cm long and 2.5-5 cm broad, trifoliate, ovate-oblong, hairy and densely grey-silky beneath. The flowers purplish or pink, in 15-30 cm long axillary racemes. The fruits, pods, oblong, flattened, covered with sticky hairs.

 Viscid pubescent subshrubs up to 75 cm tall. Leaves 3-foliolate; terminal leaflet 5-8 x 4-6 cm, ovate-rhomboid; laterals 3-4 x 2-3.5 cm, obliquely ovate, apex acute, base cuneate or obtuse, glabrescent above and densely woolly below; petioles 4-6 cm long; stipules 5-6 mm long, subulate. Flowers in axillary or terminal, often branched racemes; bracts and bracteoles 4-5 mm long, subulate, hairy. Calyx-tube 1-1.5 mm long; lobes 2-3 mm long, subulate, hairy. Petals purplish; standard 4-5 mm long, ovate-obtuse. Stamens 9+1; staminal sheath c. 4 mm long. Ovary 3.5-4 mm long, terete, densely pubescent without; style subulate, incurved; stigma capitate. Pod 1-2 x 0.4-0.5 cm, linear-oblong, compressed, pubescent with hooked hairs; seeds 4-6, reniform.


The whole plant of salaparni is used for medicinal purpose in Ayurvedic medicine. The herb is seldom used externally. Internally it is useful in vast range of diseases. It is used in the treatment for asthma and nervous dysfunction. It is also used in the treatment of insect bites and used against inflammations, vomiting, etc.


  Peninsular India and Sri Lanka

Flowering & Fruiting :